XXX Chats

six months dating

Methods scientific dating

This page takes a closer look at a variety of topics that have been summarized in two introductory pages.

If you haven't done it yet, I suggest that you first read The Simplicity of Basic Scientific Method and An Overview of Scientific Method.

(* It's fast if the current URL has a "#..." suffix, as it does with all links I've made to this page.) The rare open a new page in this window; but if you right-click on the link you can ask it to open in a new window, so this big page remains open in this window and you won't have to wait for it to reload — and in this page you'll already be where you were! Compared with my description of science in the "overview of scientific method" page, this "details of scientific method" page is intended to be more complete, but not fully complete.

Each topic in my elaboration has been studied for years (or even lifetimes) by numerous scholars.

In many cases, ideas that I cover in a few paragraphs are the topic for an entire book, which can treat these ideas with greater detail and sophistication than in my brief summary. In developing a model of ), one major challenge was the selection of words and meanings.

If everyone used the same terms to describe scientific methods, I would use these terms in ISM. Instead, there are important terms — especially model, hypothesis, and theory — with many conflicting meanings, and meanings known by many names.

Due to this inconsistency, I have been forced to choose among competing alternatives.

Despite the linguistic confusion, over which I have no control, in the context of ISM I have tried to use terms consistently, in ways that correspond reasonably well with their common uses by scientists, philosophers, and educators. The framework of ISM is divided into nine sections: three for evaluation factors (empirical, conceptual, and cultural-personal), three for activities (evaluating theories, generating theories, and experimental design), and one each for problem solving, thought styles, and productive thinking.

Sections 1-6 assume that during problem formulation there already has been the selection of an area of nature to study; and in Sections 1-4 and 6, there is already a theory about this area. The "Goals of ISM" page makes a distinction between the ISM framework and an elaboration of this framework by myself or by others.

The overview describes the ISM framework with minimal elaboration.

In this "details" page there is lots of elaboration, but much of this is a discussion of concepts that I consider a part of the ISM framework because they are essential for accurately describing science.

Therefore, includes everything in the overview, and more.

Comments Methods scientific dating